various models and alternatives in the hope that this can be done so that all the interests of the different sectors are addressed.
[A]n enormous and exceedingly wasteful apparatus of para-government has grown up, consisting of trade associations, trade unions and professional organizations, designed primarily to divert as much as possible of the stream of governmental favour to their members...
Political parties in these conditions become in fact little more than coalitions of organized interests whose actions are determined by the inherent logic of their mechanics rather than by any general principles or ideals on which they are agreed...
Who indeed would pretend that in modern times the democratic legislatures have granted all the special subsidies, privileges and other benefits which so many special interests enjoy because they regard these demands as just?
That A be protected against the competition of cheap imports and B against being undercut by a less highly trained operator, C against a reduction in his wages, and D against the loss of his job is not in the general interest, however much the advocates of such a measure pretend that this is so.
And it is not chiefly because the voters are convinced that it is in the general interest but because they want the support of those who make these demands that they are in turn prepared to support their demands.
|Entrepreneur, or crony?|